Tuscany is Italy’s fifth largest wine producing region. In the west, the Tyrrhenian sea gives this sub-region a Mediterranean climate. This climate is characterized by long growing seasons with moderate to warmer temperatures, with little seasonal change  from winter to summer.

The hills in this region serve as a tempering effect on the summertime heat because most vineyards are planted in higher altitudes, especially the Sangiovese grape, which grows better on the hills where it receives more direct sunlight. The altitude also increases the variation in temperature that occurs from the highs of the day to the cold temperatures in the night. This helps the grapes to maintain their balance of sugars and acidity as well as their aromatic qualities.

The soil in Tuscany is extremely poor resulting in the production volume being lower that in other wine regions. The soil gives the farmers lower yields resulting in a higher quality grape.

While Sangiovese is the principal grape in Chianti, it is the sole grape permitted for Tuscany's most illustrious DOCG, Brunello di Montalcino. Brunello is often viewed as the finest and purest example of Sangiovese in the world.  Brunello's notes of spice, meaty black fruits, and leather is often underscored with high tannins, acidity, and a sense of longevity.

For the wine lover, Bolgheri is magical. There are vineyards all over Tuscany, often in close proximity to each other.  In the tiny area of Bolgheri, one of the most prestigious of Italy, there appears to be virtually nothing else. Though it's wine tradition does not date back as far as Chianti and Brunello, this region produces some of the best known Super-tuscans such Ornellaia and Sassicaia.

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